Robert Bosch GmbH Bosch has started pooling its mechanical engineering expertise to provide companies factory equipment necessary for battery production from a single source. These equipment range from individual components and software solutions to complete assembly lines.
One of its pilot customers is Webasto SE, which is equipping its battery factories with Bosch technology. Webasto is a company based in Stockdorf, Germany and makes sunroofs, electric car chargers, and air conditioning systems.
“We know batteries like the back of our hand, as well as how they have to be manufactured,” says Rolf Najork, Member of the Bosch Board of Management responsible for industrial technology.
In entering this business, Bosch aims to increase vertical integration in mechanical engineering and to generate annual sales of some €250 million with equipment for battery production. Bosch also uses its production know-how in its own plants in Eisenach, Germany. Bosch is now launching full-scale production of second-generation 48V batteries. The company is investing some €70 million this year in expanding local manufacturing operations.
Bosch noted the battery market is huge and quoting predictions of experts, particularly from BMWi in 2021, demand for lithium-ion batteries will rise from around 200GWh in 2019 to more than 2,000GWh by 2030. Currently, more than 60 percent of that demand stems from electromobility said VDMA in 2020.
Bosch offers a portfolio of solutions ranging from 48-volt mild hybridization to fully electric drives and fuel cells. The company has experience in developing batteries for vehicles as well as for e-bikes, power tools, and kitchen appliances, and has extensive manufacturing expertise. Bosch intends to use this know-how to meet the growing demand.
“Our assumption is that the global battery market will grow up to 25 percent each year. Bosch is doing its part to meet this demand,” Najork says.
Webasto is a pioneer in the production of battery packs. The company has been involved in the field of electromobility since 2016. In addition to high-voltage heaters and recharging solutions, it also focuses on battery systems for electrified vehicles. Battery production at Webasto’s plant in Schierling, Germany, serves as a blueprint for new production facilities like the one in Dangjin, Korea.
Bosch’s role is to supply automated assembly lines for welding and gluing the battery cells. For this purpose, the various functions of module production are combined: cell cleaning with incoming inspection, the stacking process as well as a special laser-welding process, and end-of-line inspection for quality assurance. Thanks to a sophisticated line concept, no particle contamination occurs during processing. Robots automatically assemble the cell stacks in a two-step procedure consisting of dispensing technology and laser welding. With a comprehensive safety concept, it is then possible to establish the battery module’s electrical connection using a highly dynamic and precise laser-welding process.
Bosch believes its industrial technology is the way forward in its own plants as well. The company’s Eisenach plant produces 48V batteries for the hybridization of passenger cars. In vehicles with combustion engines, such batteries ensure lower emissions, especially in cities, and reduce fuel consumption and CO2 emissions by up to 15 percent. The second generation is now going into large-scale production at Eisenach.
During production, more than 90 components pass through over 100 process steps. Electric tailwind for bicycles comes from Hungary and since 2015, the Bosch plant in Miskolc has been manufacturing high-performance e-bike batteries that feature an extended range and a long service life.
Before the batteries, together with the drive and display, can be combined to form a perfectly synced e-bike system, the manufacturing process must go through roughly 20 stages. These include incoming inspection for the cells, module and pack assembly, and battery management system integration. Fully automated local production ensures high quality standards, maximum battery safety, and stable supply chains for e-bike manufacturers.
Bosch serves both as a general contractor for factory construction and as a supplier of individual components and software solutions. “As a leading IoT company and successful machine manufacturer, we offer the opportunity to customize the factory of the future,” Najork says. Bosch develops equipment, machinery, hardware, and software for manufacturing battery modules and packs that are built from cylindrical, prismatic, or pouch cells and used in electric vehicles. Tightening, welding, and gluing processes are used to firmly connect the cells to each other. Depending on requirements, Bosch can supply either partially or fully automated lines. Drive and control technologies, intelligently designed manual workstations, manufacturing execution systems (MES) for production scheduling, and software for connecting machines and systems are also part of the company’s portfolio.